Keeping foods fresher for a long duration in space with misting systems

Even though there are many advancement in technology, keeping foods fresher in space for a long period has been impossible. Research has been going on to keep fresh fruits and vegetables for long-term in space. It has been found that spraying waters over fruits and vegetables keep them fresher for a long period. It’s a fact that if a plant or a food has more solute than the environment surrounding it then to achieve equilibrium state water diffuses into the cell.


Thus by routinely spraying the vegetables with water it keeps up their turgor pressure and keeps them nice and crisp for us to eat.


And this can be achieved by creating a food locker installed with misting systems. A misting system can be used a water sprayer and can help to keep food fresher for a long period.


Based on the above considerations, our research and development team at mistingsystems.net designed an extraordinary misting product that can be used in the food lockers used in space to keep foods fresher for a longer period. This misting product creates a tiny mist at regular intervals that work as a water sprayer to keep foods and vegetables fresh over a long term.


Infact the mist generated by this specially designed misting product preserves the foods from being getting spoiled.


This may sound ridiculous but in a recent test conducted it has been proved that the foods kept under this product remained fresh for more than three months. Now with this product our astronauts can have fresh and tastier food in space as we have at earth.


Misting Products: http://mistingsystems.net/products/


Misting Fans : http://mistingsystems.net/misting-fans/


Freshly discovered Asteroid 2013 TV135

Recently discovered asteroid 2013 TV135 made a close approach to Earth on Sept. 16, as soon as it came within about 4.2 million miles (6.7 million kilometers and the asteroid is originally expected to be about 1,300 feet (400 meters) in size and its orbit carries it as far out as concerning three quarters of the space to Jupiter's orbit and as close to the sun as Earth's orbit and open on Oct. 8, 2013, by astronomers working at the Crimean Astrophysical Observatory in Ukraine to as of Oct. 14, asteroid 2013 TV135 is one of 10,332 near-Earth objects that have been discovered.

By means of only a week of clarification for an orbital period that spans nearly four years, its opportunity orbital path is still quite uncertain, however this asteroid could be back in Earth’s neighborhood in 2032 on the other hand, NASA’s Near-Earth Object Program Office states the possibility this asteroid could then impact Earth is only one in 63,000.

Dramatic Supersonic Shockwave Images by NASA

Elusive schlieren picture of supersonic shockwaves emanate from NASA F-15 and F/A-18 aircraft in the air at supersonic speed were captured during new pilot skill flights.

The images were collected by a twin telescope and digital camera system on the earth .Under a NASA Small Business Innovation investigate project. Schlieren photography is a method that enables imaging of airflow, with particular illumination making changes in air density—in this case the density of the shockwaves
"Our team was able to photograph truly stunning images presenting the shockwaves of full-scale supersonic aircraft in flight,” said Ed Haering, Dryden’s GASPS principal investigator.



“For innovative calm supersonic aircraft designs, computer simulation and wind tunnel test are used to replica how to reduce the volume of the sonic booms, but the simulations and wind tunnel test have challenge in precisely modeling the flow around engine inlet and tail regions,” Haering explained. "We can use these images to authenticate our computer simulations and wind tunnel tests, giving us confidence that we can properly design supersonic civil aircraft of the future. Then we will be clever to fly over land at about double the speed of current civil aircraft without bothering people on the ground," he added.

This dramatic schlieren picture of supersonic shockwaves loading from NASA Dryden’s F-15B airplane was taken while it was traveling at Mach 1.38 at 44,000 legs elevation during a GASPS journey. 

Engineers used a thumbs induce to personally click electronic pictures when the airplane approved at the front side of the sun. Later assessments will most likely use airplane GPS monitoring approved on to the GASPS system on the floor to instantly stimulate their shades for more accurate picture.

Previous schlieren digital photography used an intricate sequence of contacts, shiny backlighting, and other gadgets to catch supersonic shockwaves on movie as deeper or less heavy lines against high-contrast background scenes like the advantage of the sun. Editions of this ground-to-air strategy used in the Nineties required extremely accurate positioning of the optics as well.

In comparison, the GASPS venture uses just a telescope and a digicam, making the difficult factors of the work to be conducted post-flight using picture handling software. This enhanced method significantly calms the perfection required, with the post-mission electronic handling of the visuals applied to imagine the surprise trend styles.

Schlieren picture provides a better knowing of the place and comparative durability of supersonic shockwaves. This symbolizes another device in the increasing device kit of methods used by NASA scientists developed to define sound booms.

This newest venture carries on a long sequence of sound growth decrease research by NASA. Aug. 27 noticeable The Tenth birthday of the NASA/Northrop Grumman F-5E Formed Sonic Boom Business presentation (SSBD) designs' first decreased sound growth journey was Aug. 27, tagging another landmark in NASA and industry’s direction to reduced sound booms. A new NASA aeronautics book, “Quieting the Boom: the Former Sonic Boom Demonstrator and the Pursuit for Silent Supersonic Flight,” by Lawrence R. Benson information the venture.

NASA's Deep Impact' Spacecraft - Massive Problem Rotating Out of control

NASA’s Deep Impact spacecraft is in deep problem. The craft, famous for blast a projectile into the Comet Tempel 1, lost contact with Earth sometime between 11 August and 14 August. Recent instructions to put the craft in hibernation, or secure mode, were ineffective, and Deep Impact is now rotating out of control, says principal investigator Michael A’Hearn of the University of Maryland in College Park. The job was renamed Epoxi when it was extensive to view comets and stars with transiting exoplanets.
Engineers have traced the trouble to a software-communications glitch that rearranges the craft’s computer. They are now working on instructions that could bring Deep Impact back into process. They may try to converse with the spacecraft this weekend, but the team first has to figure out its most likely orientation and whether to transmit signal to the vehicle’s high-gain or low-gain antenna.

Mission scientists are race beside the clock because the craft’s battery rely on power provide by Deep Impact’s solar panels. If the panels on the wayward craft happen to be point in a way where they receive incomplete sunlight, the batteries could last for a few months. But if the panels are pointed away from the Sun, the batteries would die in just a few days. Once the batteries are gone, Deep Impact can no longer be revived. One casualty of the mishap is that scientists have not established any of the probable images the craft was listed to take in August of Comet ISON, the icy space rock that could make a spectacle in the inner Solar System this fall before diving into the Sun.

Celebrity regarding NASA Planet Looking Comes Lazy Using Cracked Pieces

NASA said Thursday that its celebrated planet-hunting Kepler spacecraft, which broke down in May when a reaction wheel that controls its pointing failed, could not be fixed and would never again search for planets around other stars.
The disappointing news brings to an end, for now, one phase of the most romantic of space dreams, the search for other Earths among the exoplanets of the Milky Way. NASA has already asked astronomers for ideas on how to use the hobbled spacecraft, whose telescope is in perfect shape.

Even as they mourned the end of Kepler, astronomers said its legacy would continue as they worked their way through a trove of data the spacecraft has gathered.

At last count, Kepler had discovered 3,548 possible planets, and 135 of them — some smaller than the Earth — have been validated by other observations, including earthbound telescopes. But hundreds or thousands more are in the pipeline, said William Borucki of NASA’s Ames Research Laboratory in Mountain View, Calif., Kepler’s originator and principal investigator.

NASA delivering 3d Printer

NASA is scheduled to be able to start globe's primary zero-G-ready 3d images computer printer directly into place future season, through its resupply mission to the Overseas Living space Place, making sure that pieces might be built on-demand inside place. Living space creation firm Manufactured in Space's custom 3d images computer printer could be the primary product to be able to production pieces from planet earth, scientists said.
The particular three dimensional Printing inside Zero-G Research will certainly validate the capability associated with ingredient creation inside zero-gravity. "Imagine a astronaut requiring to make a life-or-death restore for the Global Area Section, " explained Aaron Kemmer, CEO associated with Manufactured in Area for the firm's site. "Rather compared to intending that the essential parts along with resources usually are for the stop already, what if the actual parts could be three dimensional imprinted if they required these people? " explained Kemmer.

Within getting ready for your 2014 release, Made in Area examined any diverse variety of 3 dimensional producing technology with zero-gravity with 2011 and is also completing more testing this year. Most of these micro-gravity testing provide the first study which given into the developments for your 3 dimensional Art print try things out.

Your 3 dimensional Printing device is built specifically to handle the environmental difficulties connected with space in addition to works by using extrusion component making, which usually develops things level by level beyond polymers along with products.

Tips to buy sports car

Buying a car is not an easy task. It involves a lot of headache and when it comes for sport car the no way. Unlike other cars sport cars have their own reputation. So buying sports car is a little bit tedious job as compared to normal cars.
Here are few guidelines which can help you to buy best sports car:

If you have any models in your mind then go through them completely in websites. Compare the rates, quality and other factors.

Go for a good and reputed dealership if you are not much skilled about sports car.


Once you have finished your research and finalized your car carefully go through its quality terms and conditions.  

Visit the Chennai Salsa Congress to know more about the Discounts.

Astronauts sent to space station launches from Russia

A rocket was launched from Russia to space station there are 3 men is travelling in that rocket both from Russia they are also known as cosmonauts. Because the rocket is launching from Russia and the take off of the rocket is successful.
The names of astronauts who sent to the space station are Russia’s Oleg Novitskiy and evgeny Tarelkin and United States Kevin Ford. The time of rocket launch and the name of the space craft are TMA-06M spacecraft at the time of 10.51 GMT on Tuesday and Australian time at 9.51 pm from Russia’s the place of Baikonur cosmodrane in Kazakhstan. 
          
The Soyuz TMA-06M launched at the time of 2.51 pm the Moscow time the news will be reached to Russian space agency it is supposed by the surroundings of the Russia.

Soyuz Capsule Docks at Area Place with Worldwide Area Crew

Three jet pilots arrive at the Worldwide Area Place beginning Wednesday (July 17) for a four-month remain, providing the large revolving about outpost returning to its complete supplement of six spaceflyers.






The Soyuz space pills holding the three new crewmembers — NASA astronaut Sunita Williams, European cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko and Japoneses spaceflyer Aki Hoshide — docked with the station at 12:51 a.m. EDT Wednesday (0451 GMT) after a two-day journey. The Soyuz released into orbit Weekend from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

"Everything is ideal," Malenchenko radioed Russia's Objective Management Middle in Korolev, just outside Moscow. Camcorders on the external of the place station taken amazing opinions of the Soyuz taking up to the revolving about lab with the shiny red World in the backdrop.

At docking time, the Soyuz TMA-05M spacecraft and area place were boating 251 kilometers (402 kilometers) over east Kazakhstan. The Soyuz left itself at an Earth-facing docking slot on the station's Russian-built Rassvet component, and the hatches linking the two spacecraft were started out at 3:23 a.m. EDT (0723 GMT).

The Russian-U.S.-Japanese team onboard the Soyuz arrive at the area place 37 decades ago to the day of the first truly worldwide area docking: the September 17 meet-up between a NASA Apollo spacecraft and European Soyuz 19 pills during the Apollo-Soyuz Analyze Venture in 1975. During that ancient test journey, NASA astronaut Tom Stafford shaken arms with Communist cosmonaut Alexei Leonov to concrete the groundwork of worldwide area collaboration that eventually led to the $100 million International Space Station in orbit these days.

Today, the area place is the biggest human-built framework in area and clearly noticeable to the unaided eye from the floor to experts who know when and where to look. Twelve to fifteen different nations and five area organizations comprising the Combined Declares, Italy, European nations, North america and Asia designed the large revolving about laboratory

NASA Welcomes Rocket Crafters and New Jobs to Florida

Good news and the prospect of additional jobs are arriving on Florida’s Space Coast at the speed of innovation. Last week, on the 50th anniversary of Kennedy Space Center, I joined Florida Senator Bill Nelson, Kennedy Space Center Director Bob Cabana, and officials from Lockheed Martin for the unveiling of the first Orion capsule that will carry our astronauts farther into space than any human has ever traveled. The work leading up to Orion’s first test flight in 2014 is expected to support at least 350 Space Coast jobs. This week, the Space Coast economy got another boost when Rocket Crafters, Inc. (RCI), a Utah-based company, announced plans to move its budding high-tech aerospace business to Brevard County. The company expects that by 2017-18, it will have about 1,300 highly skilled aerospace workers, including former space shuttle employees.

RCI holds licenses for advanced hybrid rocket and aerospace composite technologies, as well as proprietary hybrid rocket design and analysis software. The company plans to develop new suborbital flight technology that would enable the completion of an intercontinental journey in about one-sixth the time it takes a conventional airplane.
This is further evidence that the Space Coast is open for business and positioning itself for the next era of space exploration. In addition to Orion’s arrival at Kennedy Space Center, NASA has recently facilitated agreements with the Boeing Company, Craig Technologies and others to use Kennedy facilities and equipment. And SpaceX recently became the first commercial firm to launch a successful resupply mission from the Space Coast to the International Space Station.

A year after the retirement of NASA's space shuttles, the work force at Kennedy is remaking America's gateway to space. Over the past three years, President Obama has fought to invest almost $1.4 billion in NASA’s 21st Century Space Launch Complex and Exploration Ground Systems. 

As a result, a dynamic infrastructure is taking shape, one designed to host many kinds of spacecraft and rockets sending robotic spacecraft and people on America’s next adventures.

B612 Foundation To Announce First Privately Funded Deep Space Mission



Who: The B612 Foundation
What: Press Conference to Launch the B612 Foundation and Sentinel Space Telescope Mission-the first privately funded deep space mission.

When: Thursday, June 28, 2012 --- 8:30 AM – 11:00 AM (PT)

Where: Morrison Planetarium, California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music Concourse Drive, San Francisco, CA, in Golden Gate Park. (Pay Parking in CA Academy Garage)

Announcement: On June 28, 2012, the B612 Foundation will announce its plans to build, operate and launch the world’s first privately funded deep space mission–a space telescope to be placed in orbit around the Sun.  We will create the first comprehensive dynamic map of our inner solar system showing the current and future locations and trajectories of Earth-crossing asteroids, paving the way to protect the Earth from future impacts and opening up the Solar System to future exploration.  

The B612 Foundation  aims to build, launch, and operate the world’s first privately funded deep space telescope mission to create the first comprehensive dynamic map of our inner solar system, identifying the current and future locations and trajectories of Earth crossing asteroids. Mapping the great unknown of the inner solar system is the first step to opening up this next frontier.  The B612 Foundation believes that humanity can harness the power of science and technology to protect the future of civilization on this planet, while extending our reach into the solar system.

NASA Releases Workshop Data and Findings on Asteroid 2011 AG5

WASHINGTON -- Researchers anticipate that asteroid 2011 AG5, discovered in January 2011, will fly safely past and not impact Earth in 2040.

Current findings and analysis data were reported at a May 29 workshop at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., attended by scientists and engineers from around the world. Discussions focused on observations of potentially hazardous asteroids (PHAs).

Observations to date indicate there is a slight chance that AG5 could impact Earth in 2040. Attendees expressed confidence that in the next four years, analysis of space and ground-based observations will show the likelihood of 2011 AG5 missing Earth to be greater than 99 percent.

Source: http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/asteroids/news/asteroid20120615.html

NASA Satellite Measurements Imply Texas Wind Farm Impact on Surface Temperature

A Texas region containing four of the world's largest wind farms showed an increase in land surface temperature over nine years that researchers have connected to local meteorological effects of the turbines.

The land surface temperature around the west-central Texas wind farms warmed at a rate of .72 degrees Celsius per decade during the study period relative to nearby regions without wind farms, an effect most likely caused by the turbulence in turbine wakes acting like fans to pull down warmer air from higher altitudes at night, said lead author Liming Zhou at the University of Albany, State University of New York.

The results were published in the April 29 issue of Nature Climate Change. Zhou and colleagues studied land surface temperature data ranging from 2003 to 2011, from the MODIS (Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) instruments on NASA's Aqua and Terra satellites.

Land surface temperature measures the temperature of the Earth’s surface itself, as opposed to the air temperature readings used in daily weather reports. Across a broad landscape, land surface temperature depends closely on the land cover type and nature of the surface. In specific locations, land surface temperature varies widely from day to night while air temperature varies within a smaller range.

The warming observed by MODIS mostly occurred at night. In the Texas region studied, the land surface temperature after sunset typically cools faster than the air temperature. But as the wind turbines continued to turn, the movement brought warmer air to the surface and thus created a warming effect compared to non-wind farm regions. The researchers expected to see the reverse during the day – a slight cooling effect – but the data instead showed a small warming or negligible effect in daytime.

The warming estimate applies specifically to this particular region, and covers a time when wind farms were expanding rapidly, Zhou said. The estimate should not be considered directly applicable for other regions and landscapes, nor should it be extrapolated over a longer period of time, as the warming would likely plateau rather than continue to increase if no new wind turbines are added. The warming is also considered a local effect, not one that would contribute to a larger global trend.

"This is a first step in exploring the potential of satellite data to quantify the possible impacts of big wind farms on weather and climate," said Chris Thorncroft, a coauthor of the study and chair of the Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences department at University at Albany, State University of New York. "We are now expanding this approach to other wind farms and building models to understand the physical processes and mechanisms driving the interactions of wind turbines and the atmospheric boundary layer near the surface."

The U.S. wind industry has installed a total of 46,919 megawatts of capacity through the end of 2011 – representing more than 20 percent of the world’s installed wind power and about 2.9 percent of all U.S. electric power – and has added more than 35 percent of all new U.S. generating capacity in the past four years, according to the American Wind Energy Association and the Department of Energy. This added capacity during that timeframe is second only to natural gas, and more than nuclear and coal combined.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/tx-wind-farm.html

NASA Releases New WISE Mission Catalog of Entire Infrared Sky

NASA unveiled a new atlas and catalog of the entire infrared sky today showing more than a half billion stars, galaxies and other objects captured by the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISE) mission.

"Today, WISE delivers the fruit of 14 years of effort to the astronomical community," said Edward Wright, WISE principal investigator at UCLA, who first began working on the mission with other team members in 1998.

WISE launched Dec. 14, 2009, and mapped the entire sky in 2010 with vastly better sensitivity than its predecessors. It collected more than 2.7 million images taken at four infrared wavelengths of light, capturing everything from nearby asteroids to distant galaxies. Since then, the team has been processing more than 15 trillion bytes of returned data. A preliminary release of WISE data, covering the first half of the sky surveyed, was made last April.

The WISE catalog of the entire sky meets the mission's fundamental objective. The individual WISE exposures have been combined into an atlas of more than 18,000 images covering the sky and a catalog listing the infrared properties of more than 560 million individual objects found in the images. Most of the objects are stars and galaxies, with roughly equal numbers of each. Many of them have never been seen before.

WISE observations have led to numerous discoveries, including the elusive, coolest class of stars. Astronomers hunted for these failed stars, called "Y-dwarfs," for more than a decade. Because they have been cooling since their formation, they don't shine in visible light and could not be spotted until WISE mapped the sky with its infrared vision.

WISE also took a poll of near-Earth asteroids, finding there are significantly fewer mid-size objects than previously thought. It also determined NASA has found more than 90 percent of the largest near-Earth asteroids.

Other discoveries were unexpected. WISE found the first known "Trojan" asteroid to share the same orbital path around the sun as Earth. One of the images released today shows a surprising view of an "echo" of infrared light surrounding an exploded star. The echo was etched in the clouds of gas and dust when the flash of light from the supernova explosion heated surrounding clouds. At least 100 papers on the results from the WISE survey already have been published. More discoveries are expected now that astronomers have access to the whole sky as seen by the spacecraft.

"With the release of the all-sky catalog and atlas, WISE joins the pantheon of great sky surveys that have led to many remarkable discoveries about the universe," said Roc Cutri, who leads the WISE data processing and archiving effort at the Infrared and Processing Analysis Center at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. "It will be exciting and rewarding to see the innovative ways the science and educational communities will use WISE in their studies now that they have the data at their fingertips."

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/WISE/news/wise20120314.html

NASA's Swift Monitors Departing Comet Garradd

An outbound comet that provided a nice show for skywatchers late last year is the target of an ongoing investigation by NASA's Swift satellite. Formally designated C/2009 P1 (Garradd), the unusually dust-rich comet provides a novel opportunity to characterize how cometary activity changes at ever greater distance from the sun.

A comet is a clump of frozen gases mixed with dust. These "dirty snowballs" cast off gas and dust whenever they venture near the sun. What powers this activity is frozen water transforming from solid ice to gas, a process called sublimation. Jets powered by ice sublimation release dust, which reflects sunlight and brightens the comet. Typically, a comet's water content remains frozen until it comes within about three times Earth's distance to the sun, or 3 astronomical units (AU), so astronomers regard this as the solar system's "snow line."

"Comet Garradd was producing lots of dust and gas well before it reached the snow line, which tells us that the activity was powered by something other than water ice," said Dennis Bodewits, an assistant research scientist at the University of Maryland, College Park, and the study's lead investigator. "We plan to use Swift's unique capabilities to monitor Garradd as it moves beyond the snow line, where few comets are studied."

Comets are known to contain other frozen gases, such as carbon monoxide and dioxide (CO and CO2), which sublimate at colder temperatures and much farther from the sun. These are two of the leading candidates for driving cometary activity beyond the snow line, but phase transitions between different forms of water ice also may come into play.

C/2009 P1 was discovered by Gordon J. Garradd at Siding Spring Observatory, Australia, in August 2009. Astronomers say that the comet is "dynamically new," meaning that this is likely its first trip through the inner solar system since it arrived in the Oort cloud, the cometary cold-storage zone located thousands of AU beyond the sun.

Comet Garradd was closest to the sun on Dec. 23, 2011, and passed within 118 million miles (1.27 AU) of Earth on March 5, 2012. The comet remains observable in small telescopes this month as it moves south though the constellations Ursa Major and Lynx.

Although Swift's prime task is to detect and rapidly locate gamma-ray bursts in the distant universe, novel targets of opportunity allow the mission to show off its versatility. One of Swift's instruments, the Ultraviolet/Optical Telescope (UVOT) is ideally suited for studying comets.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/swift/bursts/comet-garradd.html

Cassini Successfully Flies over Enceladus

These raw, unprocessed images of Saturn's moons Enceladus and Tethys were taken on April 14, 2012, by NASA's Cassini spacecraft.

Cassini flew by Enceladus at an altitude of about 46 miles (74 kilometers). This flyby was designed primarily for the ion and neutral mass spectrometer to analyze, or "taste," the composition of the moon's south polar plume as the spacecraft flew through it. Cassini's path took it along the length of Baghdad Sulcus, one of Enceladus' "tiger stripe" fractures from which jets of water ice, water vapor and organic compounds spray into space. At this time, Baghdad Sulcus is in darkness, but that was not an obstacle for another instrument, the composite infrared spectrometer, which can see features by their surface temperatures and which also took measurements during this flyby.

As soon as daylight passed into the spacecraft's remote sensing instruments' line of sight, Cassini's cameras acquired images of the surface. The wide-angle-camera image included in the new batch, taken from around the time of closest approach, has some smearing from the movement of the spacecraft during the exposure, but still shows the surface in vivid detail.

Cassini's cameras also imaged Enceladus' south polar plume at a high phase angle as the satellite appeared as a thin crescent and the plume was backlit.

After the Enceladus encounter, Cassini passed the moon Tethys with a closest approach distance of about 5,700 miles (9,100 kilometers). This was Cassini's best imaging encounter with Tethys since a targeted encounter in September 2005. The 2005 encounter, with a closest approach distance of about 930 miles (1,500 kilometers), provided the images of Tethys with the best resolution and captured views of the side of Tethys that faces Saturn in its orbit. This new encounter examined the opposite side of Tethys, providing some of the highest-resolution images of the side that faces away from Saturn. Cassini acquired a 22-frame mosaic of this side, which features the large impact basin named Odysseus. Scientists will use these new data in conjunction with images from previous encounters to create digital elevation maps of the moon's surface.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/whycassini/cassini20120416.html

NASA GRACE Data Hit Big Apple on World Water Day


To highlight declines in the world's groundwater supplies, a new visualization of Earth's groundwater reserves, created in part with space data from the joint NASA/German Aerospace Center (DLR) Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission, debuted on New York's Times Square on March 22, International World Water Day.

The 30-second animation, titled "Visualizing Seasonal and Long-term Changes in Groundwater Levels," will be on display several times each hour through April 22 on Times Square's massive Thomson Reuters and NASDAQ digital signboards. Viewers of the interactive animation are invited to use their mobile devices to submit their city and add a graph to the sign. The animation can be viewed at: http://vimeo.com/user10042778 .

Netherlands designer Richard Vijgen developed the animation using GRACE data analyzed by professor Jay Famiglietti, director of the UC Center for Hydrologic Modeling at the University of California, Irvine; and from United States Geological Survey data supplied by Leonard Konikow. Vijgen was the winning entry in an international design visualization competition sponsored by the organization HeadsUP!, in collaboration with Visualizing.org. Founded by digital media artist Peggy Weil, HeadsUp! challenges designers to visualize critical global issues and create a shared sign for the public square.

Groundwater is a critical, but often overlooked, natural resource. According to a U.N. report, more than 1.5 billion people around the world depend on groundwater for their drinking water. It comes from the natural percolation of precipitation and other surface waters down through Earth's soil and rock, accumulating in cavities and layers of porous rock, gravel, sand or clay. Groundwater levels respond slowly to changes in weather and can take months or years to replenish once pumped for irrigation or other uses.

Famiglietti's analyses show that groundwater is being depleted at alarming rates in many of the world's major aquifers. "The GRACE data set is exciting, because it gives us the first global pictures of Earth's changing freshwater," he said.

The twin GRACE satellites, which celebrated their 10th year in orbit this week, measure minute changes in Earth's gravity field by measuring micron-scale variations in the separation between the two spacecraft, flying in formation 137 miles (220 kilometers) apart in low Earth orbit. These variations in gravitational pull are caused by local changes in Earth's mass. Masses of water, ice, air and solid Earth can be moved by weather patterns, seasonal change, climate change and even tectonic events such as large earthquakes. GRACE was developed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/Grace/news/grace20120322.html

Icy Moons through Cassini's Eyes


These raw, unprocessed images of Saturn's moons Enceladus, Janus and Dione were taken on March 27 and 28, 2012, by NASA's Cassini spacecraft.

Cassini passed Enceladus first on March 27, coming within about 46 miles (74 kilometers) of the moon's surface. The encounter was primarily designed for Cassini's ion and neutral mass spectrometer, which "tasted" the composition of Enceladus' south polar plume. Other instruments, including the Cassini plasma spectrometer and composite infrared spectrometer, also took measurements.

Before the closest approach of this encounter, Cassini's cameras imaged the plume, which is comprised of jets of water ice and vapor, and organic compounds emanating from the south polar region. Later, the cameras captured a nine-frame mosaic of the surface of the moon's leading hemisphere as the spacecraft left the moon.

After the Enceladus encounter, Cassini passed the small moon Janus with a closest approach distance of 27,000 miles (44,000 kilometers). The planet was in the background in some of these views.

Early on March 28, the spacecraft flew by Dione at a distance of 27,000 miles (44,000 kilometers) and collected, among other observations, a nine-frame mosaic depicting the side of the moon that faces away from Saturn in its orbit.

All of Cassini's raw images can be seen at http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/photos/raw/

The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena manages the mission for the agency's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Cassini orbiter and its two onboard cameras were designed, developed and assembled at JPL. The imaging operations team is based at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colo. JPL is a division of Caltech.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/whycassini/cassini20120328.html

Barack obama suggests Soviets for ‘space’ on rocket defense talks

Not aware that a mic was producing him, Chief executive Obama requested confident Western Chief executive Dmitry Medvedev Wednesday for space until after Mr. Obama’s re-election promotion to settle on rocket immunity.

“On all these issues, but particularly rocket immunity, this, this can be settled, but it’s important for him to give me area,”
Mr. Obama informed Mr. Medvedev at the end of their 90-minute conference, seemingly mentioning inbound Western Chief executive Vladimir Putin.

Mr. Medvedev responded, “Yeah, I comprehend. I comprehend your concept about area. Space for you…”

“This is my last political election,” Mr. Obama said. “After my political election, I have more versatility.”

The Western innovator reacted, “I comprehend. I broadcast this information to Vladimir.”

The return was grabbed by mic of a Western writer as correspondents were permitted into the conference area for reviews by the two commanders. It was first revealed by ABC News, which said it confirmed the discussion. A California Times writer heard a part of the record that starts with Mr. Obama saying, “This is my last political election.”

The two commanders are in Seoul for a atomic protection peak relating to the brains of more than 50 countries. Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev were huddling close together in their specific seats when the discussion took place.

White Home deputy nationwide protection advisor Ben Rhodes, who joined the conference, at first said he just didn't listen to the return and can't thoughts on it. Within an hour, however, Mr. Rhodes released a declaration via email that said the U.S. “is dedicated to employing our rocket immune system, which we’ve regularly said is not targeted at Italy.”

“However, given the historical difference between the U.S. and Italy on this problem, it will devote some time to specialized perform before we can try to reach an contract,” Mr. Rhodes said. “Since 2012 is an political election season in both countries, with an political election and authority move in Italy and an political election in the U. s. Declares, it is clearly not a season in which we are going to achieve a cutting-edge. Therefore, Chief executive Obama and Chief executive Medvedev decided that it was best to advise our specialized experts to do the perform of better understanding our specific roles, offering area for ongoing conversations on rocket immunity collaboration going ahead.”

The picture of Mr. Obama putting off a difficult nationwide protection question due to re-election issues is the other of what the Bright Home suitable for this trip. Mr. Obama’s first event upon getting in Southern region korea on Saturday was to visit the Demilitarized Location splitting Northern and Southern region South korea for a photo-op of him looking across no-man’s land at a ahead Military declaration post.

Mr. Medvedev informed correspondents that he considers rocket immunity shares between the two countries “could be more active.”

“I believe we still have time; time has not run out,” Mr. Medvedev said. “And now we need to talk about and work on various factors on Western rocket immunity. Now, in my view, the come for conversations between specialized factors and, of course, we remain at our own roles, both the U. s. Declares and Western Federation.”

When he realized he was discussing for the mics, Mr. Obama said only, “We’ve got more perform to do between our two countries. Dmitry determined some areas of ongoing scrubbing — rocket immunity being an example. And what we’ve decided to is to make sure that our groups, at a specialized level, are in conversations about how some of these issues can be fixed.”

The U.S. and its NATO members are seeking a rocket immunity safeguard, while Italy things that it would bargain its protection. Mr. Rhodes said the U.S. has consistently informed the Soviets that the safeguard is not being developed as a immunity against Italy, and that the two countries should progress on a wide range of atomic weaponry issues rather than bog down over the safeguard problem.

NASA's Fermi Spots 'Superflares' in the Crab Nebula


The famous Crab Nebula supernova remnant has erupted in an enormous flare five times more powerful than any flare previously seen from the object. On April 12, NASA's Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope first detected the outburst, which lasted six days.

The nebula is the wreckage of an exploded star that emitted light which reached Earth in the year 1054. It is located 6,500 light-years away in the constellation Taurus. At the heart of an expanding gas cloud lies what is left of the original star's core, a superdense neutron star that spins 30 times a second. With each rotation, the star swings intense beams of radiation toward Earth, creating the pulsed emission characteristic of spinning neutron stars (also known as pulsars).

Apart from these pulses, astrophysicists believed the Crab Nebula was a virtually constant source of high-energy radiation. But in January, scientists associated with several orbiting observatories, including NASA's Fermi, Swift and Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer, reported long-term brightness changes at X-ray energies.



"The Crab Nebula hosts high-energy variability that we're only now fully appreciating," said Rolf Buehler, a member of the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) team at the Kavli Institute for Particle Astrophysics and Cosmology, a facility jointly located at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University.

Since 2009, Fermi and the Italian Space Agency's AGILE satellite have detected several short-lived gamma-ray flares at energies greater than 100 million electron volts (eV) -- hundreds of times higher than the nebula's observed X-ray variations. For comparison, visible light has energies between 2 and 3 eV.

On April 12, Fermi's LAT, and later AGILE, detected a flare that grew about 30 times more energetic than the nebula's normal gamma-ray output and about five times more powerful than previous outbursts. On April 16, an even brighter flare erupted, but within a couple of days, the unusual activity completely faded out.

"These superflares are the most intense outbursts we've seen to date, and they are all extremely puzzling events," said Alice Harding at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. "We think they are caused by sudden rearrangements of the magnetic field not far from the neutron star, but exactly where that's happening remains a mystery."

The Crab's high-energy emissions are thought to be the result of physical processes that tap into the neutron star's rapid spin. Theorists generally agree the flares must arise within about one-third of a light-year from the neutron star, but efforts to locate them more precisely have proven unsuccessful so far.

Since September 2010, NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory routinely has monitored the nebula in an effort to identify X-ray emission associated with the outbursts. When Fermi scientists alerted astronomers to the onset of a new flare, Martin Weisskopf and Allyn Tennant at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., triggered a set of pre-planned observations using Chandra.

"Thanks to the Fermi alert, we were fortunate that our planned observations actually occurred when the flares were brightest in gamma rays," Weisskopf said. "Despite Chandra's excellent resolution, we detected no obvious changes in the X-ray structures in the nebula and surrounding the pulsar that could be clearly associated with the flare."

Scientists think the flares occur as the intense magnetic field near the pulsar undergoes sudden restructuring. Such changes can accelerate particles like electrons to velocities near the speed of light. As these high-speed electrons interact with the magnetic field, they emit gamma rays.

To account for the observed emission, scientists say the electrons must have energies 100 times greater than can be achieved in any particle accelerator on Earth. This makes them the highest-energy electrons known to be associated with any cosmic source. Based on the rise and fall of gamma rays during the April outbursts, scientists estimate that the size of the emitting region must be comparable in size to the solar system.

NASA's Fermi is an astrophysics and particle physics partnership managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., and developed in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Energy, with important contributions from academic institutions and partners in France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Sweden and the United States.

The Marshall Space Flight Center manages the Chandra program for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory controls Chandra's science and flight operations from Cambridge, Mass.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/GLAST/news/crab-flare.html

NASA Finds Sea Ice Driving Arctic Air Pollutants

Drastic reductions in Arctic sea ice in the last decade may be intensifying the chemical release of bromine into the atmosphere, resulting in ground-level ozone depletion and the deposit of toxic mercury in the Arctic, according to a new NASA-led study.

The connection between changes in the Arctic Ocean's ice cover and bromine chemical processes is determined by the interaction between the salt in sea ice, frigid temperatures and sunlight. When these mix, the salty ice releases bromine into the air and starts a cascade of chemical reactions called a "bromine explosion." These reactions rapidly create more molecules of bromine monoxide in the atmosphere. Bromine then reacts with a gaseous form of mercury, turning it into a pollutant that falls to Earth's surface.

Bromine also can remove ozone from the lowest layer of the atmosphere, the troposphere. Despite ozone's beneficial role blocking harmful radiation in the stratosphere, ozone is a pollutant in the ground-level troposphere.

A team from the United States, Canada, Germany, and the United Kingdom, led by Son Nghiem of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif., produced the study, which has been accepted for publication in the Journal of Geophysical Research- Atmospheres. The team combined data from six NASA, European Space Agency and Canadian Space Agency satellites; field observations and a model of how air moves in the atmosphere to link Arctic sea ice changes to bromine explosions over the Beaufort Sea, extending to the Amundsen Gulf in the Canadian Arctic.

"Shrinking summer sea ice has drawn much attention to exploiting Arctic resources and improving maritime trading routes," Nghiem said. "But the change in sea ice composition also has impacts on the environment. Changing conditions in the Arctic might increase bromine explosions in the future."

The study was undertaken to better understand the fundamental nature of bromine explosions, which first were observed in the Canadian Arctic more than two decades ago. The team of scientists wanted to find if the explosions occur in the troposphere or higher in the stratosphere.

Nghiem's team used the topography of mountain ranges in Alaska and Canada as a "ruler" to measure the altitude at which the explosions took place. In the spring of 2008, satellites detected increased concentrations of bromine, which were associated with a decrease of gaseous mercury and ozone. After the researchers verified the satellite observations with field measurements, they used an atmospheric model to study how the wind transported the bromine plumes across the Arctic.

The model, together with satellite observations, showed the Alaskan Brooks Range and the Canadian Richardson and Mackenzie mountains stopped bromine from moving into Alaska's interior. Since most of these mountains are lower than 6,560 feet (2,000 meters), the researchers determined the bromine explosion was confined to the lower troposphere.

"If the bromine explosion had been in the stratosphere, 5 miles [8 kilometers] or higher above the ground, the mountains would not have been able to stop it and the bromine would have been transported inland," Nghiem said.

After the researchers found that bromine explosions occur in the lowest level of the atmosphere, they could relate their origin to sources on the surface. Their model, tracing air rising from the salty ice, tied the bromine releases to recent changes in Arctic sea ice that have led to a much saltier sea ice surface.

In March 2008, the extent of year-round perennial sea ice eclipsed the 50-year record low set in March 2007, shrinking by 386,100 square miles (one million square kilometers) -- an area the size of Texas and Arizona combined. Seasonal ice, which forms over the winter when seawater freezes, now occupies the space of the lost perennial ice. This younger ice is much saltier than its older counterpart because it has not had time to undergo processes that drain its sea salts. It also contains more frost flowers -- clumps of ice crystals up to four times saltier than ocean waters -- providing more salt sources to fuel bromine releases.

Nghiem said if sea ice continues to be dominated by younger saltier ice, and Arctic extreme cold spells occur more often, bromine explosions are likely to increase in the future.

Nghiem is leading an Arctic field campaign this month that will provide new insights into bromine explosions and their impacts. NASA's Bromine, Ozone, and Mercury Experiment (BROMEX) involves international contributions by more than 20 organizations. The new studies will complement those of a previously conducted NASA field campaign, Arctic Research of the Composition of the Troposphere from Aircraft and Satellites (ARCTAS), which is providing scientists with valuable data for studies of bromine.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/topics/earth/features/bromine20120301.html

How Communication Influences SEO

Search Engine Optimization is one process that influences the position of a website in the search engines and the ideas we use to get it done is kept fresh with necessary updation. Every single SEO strategy is just a part but, when you try concentration on one and let go others, it means that you are missing the bigger picture.

We keep stressing on a few factors like quality content or latent semantic indexing for getting a website optimized properly and the ultimate aim behind it is to communicate well with the visitors or the potential customers. When you have a website with quality expert grade content and related products that interests the visitors, it means that you website is all set to be ranked pretty well.

Communication is one simple idea that is being followed by us for ages but, we still have problems in making effective communication. The main problem lies in encoding an idea or a message in a format that is easily understood by the other person.

As internet acts as the most influential intermediate between people these days we are in a position to use it as a platform to efficiently communicate to prospective customers. We know that search engines are not our intended receivers but we are supposed to satisfy this intermediary so that our message can reach the target. Search engines are frequently being rationalized so that they become more capable of decoding the meaning of our web pages and at the same time decode the search queries of the users so that they can play their role effectively by giving appropriate search results.

Here, our job as a communicator is to make sure that we keep our web pages easy for Search Engines to understand as well as user friendly. If we are capable of sending the right format of message that is clear-cut for the search Engines to grab, it means that you have done your job. Sounds easy, right? Anyway, hope you don’t miss to deal with the final part of this communication problem… Search Engines are not our final receivers and you will have to put necessary efforts to make people click on to your page, and make business with you.

Now, what is the use of being in the first few ranks and don’t communicate well with your visitors? You don’t get what you want- The business! When you are successful with the first part, you are half way there. Only when your website is presentable and looks like it has got stuff in it, you are through with the final part.  Your job as a webmaster is to provide enough support content about your product or process so that your customers feel it’s worth buying from you when there are thousands of providers out there. When you want business, you will have to build confidence in your customers about what you sell.

Getting feedbacks and keeping in touch will help you a lot in building your business whilst pulling it to the next level. When you get a sale it means you are successful about communicating with one person but, what about the others who had visited your page and had not made business with you.  This ring a bell saying that your way of communication has a few hitches and the best way to prevail over this is to follow the feedback method.

When you feel that your website is well equipped with what customers need and the one thing that you are missing is an effective communication with the search engines, you should get it done by the professionals. Searchenginegenie is one qualified professional firm that you can rely for expert Search Engine optimization, promotion, marketing and ranking solutions.

NASA's Chandra Finds Fastest Wind From Stellar-Mass Black Hole


Astronomers using NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory have clocked the fastest wind yet discovered blowing off a disk around a stellar-mass black hole. This result has important implications for understanding how this type of black hole behaves.

The record-breaking wind is moving about 20 million mph, or about 3 percent of the speed of light. This is nearly 10 times faster than had ever been seen from a stellar-mass black hole.

Stellar-mass black holes are born when extremely massive stars collapse. They typically weigh between five and 10 times the mass of the sun. The stellar-mass black hole powering this super wind is known as IGR J17091-3624, or IGR J17091 for short.

"This is like the cosmic equivalent of winds from a category five hurricane," said Ashley King from the University of Michigan, lead author of the study published in the Feb. 20 issue of The Astrophysical Journal Letters. "We weren't expecting to see such powerful winds from a black hole like this."

The wind speed in IGR J17091 matches some of the fastest winds generated by supermassive black holes, objects millions or billions of times more massive.

"It's a surprise this small black hole is able to muster the wind speeds we typically only see in the giant black holes," said co-author Jon M. Miller, also from the University of Michigan. "In other words, this black hole is performing well above its weight class."

Another unanticipated finding is that the wind, which comes from a disk of gas surrounding the black hole, may be carrying away more material than the black hole is capturing.

"Contrary to the popular perception of black holes pulling in all of the material that gets close, we estimate up to 95 percent of the matter in the disk around IGR J17091 is expelled by the wind," King said.

Unlike winds from hurricanes on Earth, the wind from IGR J17091 is blowing in many different directions. This pattern also distinguishes it from a jet, where material flows in highly focused beams perpendicular to the disk, often at nearly the speed of light.

Simultaneous observations made with the National Radio Astronomy Observatory's Expanded Very Large Array showed a radio jet from the black hole was not present when the ultra-fast wind was seen, although a radio jet is seen at other times. This agrees with observations of other stellar-mass black holes, providing further evidence the production of winds can stifle jets.

The high speed for the wind was estimated from a spectrum made by Chandra in 2011. Ions emit and absorb distinct features in spectra, which allow scientists to monitor them and their behavior. A Chandra spectrum of iron ions made two months earlier showed no evidence of the high-speed wind, meaning the wind likely turns on and off over time.

Astronomers believe that magnetic fields in the disks of black holes are responsible for producing both winds and jets. The geometry of the magnetic fields and rate at which material falls towards the black hole must influence whether jets or winds are produced.

IGR J17091 is a binary system in which a sun-like star orbits the black hole. It is found in the bulge of the Milky Way galaxy, about 28,000 light years away from Earth.

NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Ala., manages the Chandra program for NASA's Science Mission Directorate in Washington. The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory controls Chandra's science and flight operations from Cambridge, Mass.

For more information visit http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/chandra/news/H-12-056.html

NASA ISS On-Orbit position 26 February 2012

All ISS system go on to function supposedly, apart from those noted before or below. Sunday - Crew off duty. Ahead: Week 14 of increase 30 (six-person crew).CDR Burbank, FE-5 Kuipers & FE-6 Pettit each finished one more post-sleep session of the Reaction Self Test (Psychomotor Vigilance Self Test on the ISS) procedure, the 31st Dan, the 25th for Andre & Don. 

[RST is done two times daily (after wakeup & before bedtime) for 3 days previous to the sleep shift, the day(s) of the sleep shift plus 5 days following a sleep shift. The trial consists of a 5-minute response time job that allows crewmembers to monitor the daily effects of fatigue on performance while on ISS. The experiment provides object feedback on neurobehavioral changes in attention, psychomotor speed, state stability, and impulsivity while on ISS missions, particularly as they relate to changes in circadian rhythms, sleep restrictions, and comprehensive work shifts.]

Mensusa- Trench stylish Coats for Men

Though you have a lot of ways by which you can avoid getting soaked in rain, stylish trench coats for men are one of the preferred ways to stay smart while it is raining. Though you have an option to carry an umbrella, it is a good choice to wear a trench coat on top of your suit to look outstanding. We can see many men choosing a dull looking trench coat that does not suit them at all in terms of size and look.
Men are fine with the fact that the trench coat is able to save them from the wetness and hence don’t care much about the overall look they earn from it. You might have seen several male models walking on the runway with stylish trench coats every season and we just stop there by admiring its smart look. How good it is to invest on an excellence good looking trench coat? We can say that it is as important as selecting a tux or a suit.
How will be to wear a nice three piece suit and end up covering it up totally with an standard looking ill fitting trench coat? You will have to make sure that you trench coat is well fitted for your physic and does not look as if you have borrowed it from your elder brother.
After all, you are hiding your good Mens suit with a trench coat and it is a good reason to buy a trench coat that look good or at least decent to be worn on top of such good clothing. You cannot expect people to look through your trench coat to find your costly suit being hidden pathetically. Browse through our website to find the right kind of channel coat for you at cheap rate that will stun you with quality and price tags.

Space station may be evacuate by belatedly November

 Astronauts may require taking the unparalleled step of temporarily abandoning the global Space Station if last week's Russian launch accident prevents new crews from flying there this fall.Until official figure out what went wrong with Russia's essential Soyuz rockets, there will be no way to launch any more astronauts before the present residents have to leave in mid-November.

The worrying predicament comes just weeks after NASA's final space shuttle flight.

"We have plenty of options," NASA's space station program manager, Mike Suffredini, assured reporters Monday. "We'll focus on crew protection as we always do."Abandoning the space station, still for a short period, would be an unpleasant last option for the world's five space agencies that have spent decades working on the project. Astronauts have been livelihood aboard the space station since 2000, and the objective is to keep it going until 2020.

Space Shuttle agenda: On both sides of 30 Years of detection


NASA's space shuttle fleet begin setting minutes with its first launch on April 12, 1981 and sustained to set high marks of achievement and staying power through 30 years of missions. Starting with Columbia and continuing with contestant, Discovery, Atlantis and Endeavour, the spaceship has approved people into orbit repeatedly, launched, healthier and repaired satellites, conducted cutting-edge research and built the main structure in space, the International Space Station. The last space shuttle mission, STS-135, ended July 21, 2011 when Atlantis roll to a stop at its home port, NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida.





As humanity's first reusable spacecraft, the space shuttle pressed the limits of discovery ever beyond, requiring not only higher technologies but the marvelous effort of a vast labor force. Thousands of civil servants and contractors all through NASA's field centers and across the state have established an unwavering commitment to mission achievement and the better goal of space examination.

NASA's Cassini deliver Holiday treat from Saturn


The satellite conjunctions in which one moon pass in facade of or behind one more. Cassini scientists regularly create these explanations to study the ever-changing orbit of the planet's moons. But even in these routine images, the Saturnian system shines. A few of Saturn's stark, airless, icy moons appear to dangle next to the orange orb of Titan, the only moon in the solar system with a extensive atmosphere. Titan's atmosphere is of vast interest because of its similarity to the atmosphere supposed to live long ago on the untimely Earth.

While it may be chilly in Earth's northern hemisphere, it is at present northern spring in the Saturnian system and it will remain so for several Earth years. Present plans to make bigger the Cassini mission through 2017 will supply a continued bounty of methodically satisfying and regal views of Saturn and its moons and rings, as spectators are treat to the way of northern spring and the influx of summer in May 2017.